Glossary - Persons

Abbot, George (1562 - 1633), English Church of England Archbishop of Canterbury. . See ODNB

Anacreon (570 B.C. - 488 B.C.), Greek lyric poet.

Addison, Joseph (1672 - 1719), English writer and politician. Wrote Remarks on Several Parts of Italy in the Years 1701, 1702, 1703 in 1705 . See ODNB

Aeschylus (525/524 B.C. - 456/455 B.C.), Greek playwright.

Albergati Capacelli, Francesco (1728 - 1804), Italian dramatist and politician. Wrote several letters to Carlo Goldoni on Italian theatre

Dirigaea, Alexia, in Gregory Thaumaturgus.

Alfieri, Vittorio (1749 - 1803), Italian dramatist and poet.

Pope, Alexander (1688 - 1744), English poet. . See ODNB

Anaxagoras,

Boleyn, Anne (c.1500 - 1536), Queen of England, 1533-1536.

dell' Anguillara, Giovanni Andrea (1517 - 1572), Italian translator and playwright. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Antinous, Deified lover of Roman emperor Hadrian

Aristophanes (c.446 B.C. - c.386 B.C.), Greek comic playwright.

Apuleius, Lucius (c.123 - c.180), Roman novelist.

Aristotle (384 B.C. - 322 B.C.), Greek philosopher.

Aristophanes (ca. 456 B.C. - ca. 386 B.C.), Greek comic dramatist.

Prévost d'Arlincourt, Charles-Victor (1788 - 1856), French novelist and dramatist. His novels, especially Le Solitaire enjoyed immense success in the 1820s

Ariosto, Ludovico (1474 - 1533), Italian poet and playwright. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Alexander I of Russia, Emperor of Russia 1801-1825.

Azais, Pierre Hyacinthe (1766 - 1845), French philosopher.

Bacon, Francis (1561 - 1626), English politician and philosopher. . See ODNB

Bagenal [Bagnal], Sir Henry (c.1556 - 1598), Irish soldier. . See McGurk, J. J. N.. “Bagenal , Sir Henry (c.1556–1598).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. Jan. 2008. 24 Nov. 2008 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/1034

Bale, John (1495 - 1563), Anglican Bishop of Ossory and historian. Also wrote 24 plays, of which only 5 are still extant . See ODNB

de Balzac, Honoré (1799 - 1850), French novelist and playwright. Wrote the novel La Peau de chagrin in 1831, his first major work

Bannister, John (1760 - 1836), actor. Worked with John Kemble; very good in comic roles . See ODNB

Barlow, Thomas (1608/9 - 1691), English Church of England bishop of Lincoln. A Calvinist and an anti-papist . See ODNB

Barrow, Isaac (1630 - 1677), English divine and mathematician. Famous for his sermons . See ODNB

Bayle, Pierre (1647 - 1706), French Huguenot philosopher. Wrote Pensées diverses sur la comète de 1680in 1682 . See Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

de Beausobre, Isaac (1659 - 1738), French Protestant churchman. Lived in Berlin; author of a History of Manichaeaism

Bedell, William (c.1572 - 1642), English Church of Ireland bishop of Kilmore and translator of the Old Testament into Irish. His missionary efforts in Ireland were marked by toleration and humanity . See ODNB

Benger, Elizabeth Ogilvy (1775 - 1827), historian and novelist. . See ODNB

Beolco, known as Ruzante, Angelo (1496 - 1542), Italian playwright and actor. Wrote mostly using the dialect of his native Padua . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Foresti, known as Bergomensis, Giacomo Filippo (1434 - 1520), Augustinian monk. Known as Bergomensis; updater of Boccaccio's De mulieribus claris

Berkeley, George (1685 - 1753), Irish Church of Ireland Bishop of Cloyne and philosopher. He advocated the benefits of tar water in his 1744 book Siris, which also deals with metaphysics . See ODNB

Bertholdt, Leonhard, German rationalist theologian. author of Christologia Judaeorum

Bettinelli, Saverio (1718 - 1808), Italian ecclesiastic and writer.

Beveridge, William (c.1637 - 1708), English Church of England bishop of St Asaph. His main theological work, An Exposition of the Thirty-Nine Articles was published posthumously in 1710 . See ODNB

Bibbiena, Bernardo Dovizi (1470 - 1520), Italian cardinal and comical dramatist. Wrote the comedy La Calandria probably in 1507 . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Blackburne, Francis (1705 - 1787), Church of England clergyman and religious controversialist. Wrote against the Thirty-Nine Articles . See ODNB

Blackmore, Sir Richard (1654 - 1729), English physician and writer. Ridiculed by Dryden in the Preface to The Pilgrim in 1700 . See ODNB

Belle Limonadiere, French barmaid at the Cafe des Milles ColonnesinParis. Apparently often mentioned in early 19th-century travel narratives

Boccaccio, Giovanni (1313 - 1375), Italian writer and humanist. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Bodin, Jean (1529 - 1596), French philosopher.

Boileau-Despréaux, Nicolas (1636 - 1711), French critic and poet.

Boleyn, Elizabeth (unknown - 1538), Mother of Anne Boleyn

Boleyn, Mary (c.1499 - 1543), royal mistress. Sister of Anne Boleyn and daughter of Elizabeth Boleyn

Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne (1627 - 1704), French theologian and preacher.

Bradford, John (c.1510 - 1555), English evangelical preacher and Protestant martyr. Featured prominently in Foxe's Book of Martyrs . See ODNB

Barbara, correspondent of Origen

Barbeyrac, Jean (1674 - 1744), French jurist.

Bretschneider, Karl Gottlieb (1776 - 1848), German theologian and scholar.

Villiers, George (1628 - 1687), English politician and dramatist. His satiric drama The Rehersal was played over 300 times in the period 1671-1777 . See ODNB

Burke, Edmund (1729/30 - 1797), Irish politician and author. . See ODNB

Burney, Charles (1726 - 1814), English musician and author. Wrote A General History of Music in 1776-89 . See ODNB

Burnett, James (1714 - 1799), Scottish judge and philosopher. . See ODNB

Butler, Joseph (1692 - 1752), English moral philosopher and theologian. His major works, the Fifteen Sermons (1726) and The Analogy of Religion (1736) became set texts in Oxford and Cambridge from the 1830s . See ODNB

Butler, Charles (1750 - 1831), English Catholic barrister and writer. Moore possibly refers to his The Book of the Catholic Church (1825), which was directed against Southey's Book of the Church (1824), or perhaps to the Historical memoirs respecting the English, Irish and Scottish Catholics from the Reformation to the present time (1819-21) . See ODNB

Catherine II of Russia, known as the Great, Queen of Russia 1762-1796.

Calderon de la Barca, Pedro (1600 - 1681), Spanish dramatist. Wrote the religious drama La devoción de la cruz in 1634

Gaultier de Coste, Seigneur (c. 1610 - 1663), French novelist and dramatist. . See "La Calprenède, Gaultier de Coste, Seigneur de." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 Aug. 2008 http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9046603

de Carmontelle, Louis (1717 - 1806), French painter and dramatist. His Proverbes dramatiques were very popular in private theatricals

Carnot, Lazar Nicholas Marguerite, comte (1753 - 1823), French politician and mathematician.

Caesarius, St Gregory Nazianzen wrote an elegy on his death .

Stewart, Robert (1769 - 1822), Irish politician. Used the phrase: "the feature upon which this question hinges" in a speech that TM quotes in the Fudge Family, p.14. . See ODNB

Catherine of Aragon (1485 - 1536), Queen of England 1509-1533.

de Cervantes, Miguel (1547 - 1616), Spanish novelist and poet. The short story "La Gitanilla" is part of the collection Novelas ejemplares (1613)

Charles IV (1294 - 1328), king of France.

de Chateaubriand, Francois-Rene (1768 - 1848), French writer.

Chillingworth, William (1602 - 1644), theologian. . See ODNB

Chiabrera, Gabriello (1552 - 1638), Italian poet and playwright.

Charlemagne (747 - 814), king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor.

Charles Martel (c. 688 - 741), Frankish Mayor of the Palace and ruler of the Franks.

Cicero, Marcus Tullius (106 B.C. - 43 B.C.), Roman statesman and writer.

Cinzio, Giambattista Giraldi (1504 - 1573), Italian writer and academic. The plots of Measure for Measure and Othello derive from his collection of tales Ecatommiti . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Caesar, Caius Julius (100 B.C. - 44 B.C.), Roman general and writer.

Duchesnois, Catherine-Joséphine (1777 - 1835), French actress. Née Catherine-Joséphine Rafin

Clement of Alexandria (c.150 - c.215), Christian theologian.

Claudianus, Claudius (c.370 - c.405), Roman poet. A native Greek speaker, he learned Latin from studying classical authors . See

Clayton, Robert (1695 - 1758), Church of Ireland bishop and theological controversialist. Espoused Arianism in his writings, which assured him a level of notoriety during his life . See ODNB

Cleanthes (c.300 B.C. - 232 B.C.), Greek Stoic philosopher.

Claudia, Mentioned in Gregory Thaumaturgus

Clarke, Samuel (1675 - 1729), theologian and philosopher. . See ODNB

Colbert, Jean-Baptiste (1619 - 1683), French politician.

Collins, Anthony (1676 - 1729), freethinker and philosopher. Possible inventor of the term Free Thought in his 1713 A Discourse on Free-Thikning . See ODNB

Collé, Charles (1709 - 1793), French dramatist and songwriter. Wrote plays for Duke Philip II of Orleans and a Journal historique ou Mémoires littéraires

de Condorcet, Nicholas (1743 - 1794), French philosopher and mathematician. Wrote his Life of Voltaire in 1789

Constant, Benjamin (1767 - 1830), Swiss wiriter and politician.

Conti, Antonio Schinella (1677 - 1749), Italian mathematician and philosopher.

Cooper, James Fenimore (1789 - 1851), American writer. Wrote several nautical novels

Corbière, Édouard (1793 - 1875), French novelist and journalist. Wrote several nautical novels, the most famous of which is Le Négrier (1832)

Cornaro, Alvise (Luigi) (1484 - 1566), Italian patron of the arts and writer. Wrote the Trattato de la vita sobria in 1558 . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Corneille, Pierre (1606 - 1684), French dramatist.

Crabbe, George (1754 - 1832), English Church of England clergyman and poet. Edmund Burke's patronage enabled him to publish his poem The Library in 1781 . See ODNB

Cranmer, Thomas (1489 - 1556), archbishop of Canterbury. . See ODNB

de Crébillon, Claude-Prosper Jolyot (1707 - 1777), French novelist and dramatist. Wrote satirical and licentious works . See check a good French biogr dictionary

Cromwell, Thomas (c. 1485 - 1540), royal minister. . See ODNB

Crowne, John (c. 1641 - 1712), English playwright. Wrote Calisto, or the Chaste Nymph in 1675 . See ODNB

Baronio, Cesare (1538 - 1607), cardinal and historian.

Cumberland, Richard (1732 - 1811), English playwright and novelist. . See Sherbo, Arthur. “Cumberland, Richard (1732–1811).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. May 2006. 24 Nov. 2008 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/6888

Cyrus (c.600 B.C. - 530 B.C.), Persian King.

Cowley, Abraham (1618 - 1667), poet. . See ODNB

Dacier, Anne (1654 - 1720), French scholar and translator. Published a prose translation of the Iliad in 1699 and of the Odyssey in 1708

D'Alton, John (1792 - 1867), Irish historian. . See ODNB

de Barante, Prosper Brugière (1782 - 1866), French politician and historian.

de Broglie, Victor (1785 - 1870), French politician. Prime Minister in 1830 and in 1835-36

de Kock, Paul (1793 - 1861), French novelist and dramatist.

de Lamennais, Félicité Robert (1782 - 1854), French philosopher.

Deleuze, Joseph Philippe François (1753 - 1835), French naturalist. Believed that Mesmer's theory of animal magnetism should be investigated

Demosthenes (384 B.C. - 322 B.C.), Greek orator and statesman.

de Monville, , unable to find more details

Juan of Austria (1547 - 1578), military leader and half-brother of Philip II of Spain.

Johnson, Dr Samuel (1709 - 1784), author and lexicographer. . See ODNB

Dionysius of Halicarnassus (c.60 B.C. - c.7 B.C.), Greek historian.

Democritus (c.460 B.C. - c.370 B.C.), Greek philosopher.

Alighieri, Dante (1265 - 1321), Italian man of letters. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Dryden, John (1631 - 1700), English writer and critic. . See ODNB

Duc de F., appears in article on French Official Life

du Pin [Dupin], Louis Ellies, French church historian.

Amaury-Duval, Charles-Alexandre (1760 - 1838), French diplomat and scholar. Published Mémoires historiques, politiques et littéraires sur le royaume de Naples par M. le comte Grégoire Orloff, publiés avec des notes et additions par Amaury Duval in 1819-31

Edgeworth, Maria (1768 - 1849), Irish novelist and educationist. . See McCormack, W. J.. “Edgeworth, Maria (1768–1849).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. Jan. 2008. 24 Nov. 2008 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/8476

Elizabeth I (1533 - 1603), Queen of England 1558-1603.

de Bourbon-Condé, Louis-Antoine-Henri (1772 - 1804), French artistocrat. Duc d'Enghien; was convicted of treason after a controversial summary trial and executed

Epicurus (341 B.C. - 270 B.C.), Greek philosopher.

Epiphanius of Salamis (310-320 - 403), heresiologist and metropolite of Cyprus.

Escousse, Victor (1813 - 1832), French poet. Committed suicide in 1831

Euphrasia, Roman virgin.

Euripides (c. 480 B.C. - c. 406 B.C.), Greek tragedian.

Euphrosina, Roman virgin.

Evelyn, John (1620 - 1706), English diarist. . See ODNB

Fabius, Mentioned in Arlincourt's Le Renegat as having built a pyramid in Africa. Unsure which of the many Fabii he is

Frederick Augustus I, King of Saxony 1806-1827.

Frederick II of Prussia, King of Prussia 1740-1786. Known as Frederick the Great

de la Mothe-Fénelon, François de Salignac (, 1651 - -1715), French theologian and writer.

Fitzgerald, Edward (1763 - 1798), Irish nationalist and army officer. . See ODNB

Flood, Henry (1732 - 1791), Irish politician. . See ODNB

de Florian, Jean-Pierre Claris (1755 - 1794), French poet and novelist. Author of pastoral works and comedies and member of the Académie française . See http://www.academie-francaise.fr/immortels/base/academiciens/fiche.asp?param=272

Lercari, Francesco Maria, Doge of Genoa 1683-1685.

Fox, Charles James (1749 - 1806), English politician. . See ODNB

Ferdinand VII of Spain (1784 - 1833), King of Spain 1808 and 1813-1833.

Frederick William III of Prussia (1770 - 1840), king of Prussia 1791-1840.

Gardiner, Stephen (c. 1485 - 1555), theologian and bishop of Winchester. Called by Foxe "wily Winchester" . See ODNB

Garasse, Francois, French Jesuit.

Gustavus Adolphus IV, King of Sweden 1792-1809.

Foy, Maximilien Sébastien (1775 - 1825), French statesman and writer. General in Napoleon's army

Gesenius, Heinrich Friedrich Wilhelm (1786 - 1842), German biblical critic. Professor at Halle

Gibbon, Edward (1737 - 1794), English historian. Author of Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1770-1788 . See ODNB

Giovio, Paolo (1483 - 1552), Italian physician and historian. Author of Elogia virorum litteris illustrium and Historiarum sui temporis ab a. 1494 ad a. 1547 libri XLV . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang (1749 - 1832), German writer. He wrote the tragedy Clavigo in 1774

Goldoni, Carlo (1707 - 1709), Italian dramatist.

de Gomberville, Marin le Roy (1600 - 1674), French novelist. Member of the Académie française from 1634 . See Les immortels. Académie française. 13 Aug. 2008 "http://www.academie-francaise.fr/immortels/index.html"

Grant, Johnson (1773 - 1844), Church of England clergyman. Author of A Summary of the History of the English Church (4 vols., 1811–26) . See ODNB

Grattan, Henry (1746 - 1820), Irish politician. Recognised as one of the greatest orators of his age . See ODNB

Gregory I the Great (c.540 - 604), Pope 590-604 and Doctor of the Church.

Gregory VII [Hildebrand of Soana] (c.1020 - 1085), Pope 1073-1085.

Greswell, William Parr (1765 - 1854), Church of England clergyman and bibliographer. . See ODNB

Grisi, Giulia (1810? - 1869), Italian singer. . See ODNB

Groto, Luigi (1541 - 1585), Italian playwright and actor. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Grover, Henry Montague (1791 - 1866), writer. . See ODNB

Guicciardini, Francesco (1483 - 1540), Italian historian and statesman. Governor of Modena and Reggio during 1516-1521 . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Hall, Joseph (1574 - 1656), English Church of England bishop of Norwich and religious writer. . See ODNB

Barca, Hannibal (248 B.C. - 183/2 B.C.), Carthaginian general.

d'Artois, Henri (1820 - 1883), French artistocrat. Comte de Chambord from 1830; possibly the last Bourbon king of France

de Guise, Henry 1 (1550 - 1588), French aristocrat. Duc de Guise from 1563

Henri III of France, King of France 1574-1589.

Henry VIII of England,

Higgins, Godfrey (1773 - 1833), English historian of religion. . See ODNB

Homer, Greek epic poet.

Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Wilhelm (1776 - 1822), German writer and composer. Moore spells his name "Hoffman"

Home, John (1722 - 1808), Scottish Church of Scotland minister and playwright. . See ODNB

Hooper, George (1640 - 1727), English Church of England bishop of Bath and Wells and scholar. A notable linguist, scholar, and mathematician . See ODNB

Horace (65 B.C. - 8 B.C.), Roman poet. Latin name Quintus Horatius Flaccus

Heraclitus (c.535 B.C. - c.475 B.C.), Greek philosopher.

Hermant, Godefroy (1617 - 1690), Jansenist theologian.

Boyd, Hugh Stuart (1781 - 1848), Greek scholar. Tutored Elizabeth Barrett Browning in Greek . See ODNB

Hugo, Victor (1802 - 1885), French writer and statesman. The greatest French Romantic writer, proficient in prose, poetry, and drama.

Hume, David (1711 - 1776), Scottish philosopher and historian. . See ODNB

Hume, Joseph (1777 - 1855), Scottish radical and politician. . See ODNB

Hurd, Richard (1720 - 1808), English Church of England bishop of Worcester. . See ODNB

Irenaeus (2nd century - c.202), Gaulish Christian theologian and bishop of Lugdunum.

Isahia, prophet.

Italica, correspondent of St Augustine's

Jal, Auguste (1795 - 1873), French writer and historian.

Janin, Jules (1804 - 1874), French writer and critic. Wrote La Confession in 1830, Barnave in 1831 and the Contes Fantastiques in 1832

Collier, Jeremy (1650 - 1726), bishop. . See ODNB

Jewel, John (1522 - 1571), English Church of England bishop of Salisbury. His books Apologie or Answere in Defence of the Churche of Englande (1562) and A defence of the 'Apologie of the Churche of England' (1567) laid the foundations of Anglicanism . See ODNB

Rousseau, Jean Jacques (1712 - 1778), Swiss philosopher.

Vives, Ludovicus (1492 - 1540), Valencian scholar and tutor of Mary Tudor .

Jones, Sir William (1746 - 1794), Welsh orientalist and judge. Moore studied his Grammar of the Persian Language (1771) . See ODNB

Jonson, Ben (1572 - 1637), English poet and playwright. . See ODNB

Jorgenson, Jorgen (1780 - 1841), Danish privateer and explorer ofTasmania.

Jortin, John (1698 - ), church historian and literary critic. . See ODNB

de Beauharnais, Joséphine (1763 - 1814), Napoleon's wife 1796-1810.

Boleyn, Jane, Lady Rochford (unknown - 1542), courtier. Married to Anne Boleyn's brother; executed for her role in Catherine Howard's adultery . See ODNB

Seymour, Jane (1508/9 - 1537), queen of England. . See ODNB

Kemble, John Philip (1757 - 1823), actor and theatre manager. The greatest actor of his age . See ODNB

Kingston, Sir William (c. 1476 - 1540), courtier and administrator. . See ODNB

de Laclos, Pierre Choderlos (1741 - 1803), French novelist. Author of Les Liaisons dangereuses, 1782 . See authority needed!

Lacroix, Paul (1806 - 1884), French writer and journalist. Frequently used the pseudonyms P.L. Jacob and Bibliophile Jacob

Lactantius, Lucius Caelius Firmianus (c.240 - c.320), North African Christian author.

de Lamartine, Alphonse (1790 - 1869), French poet and statesman.

Lamb, Charles (1775 - 1834), English essayist. . See ODNB

Latimer, Hugh (c.1485 - 1555), bishop of Worcester and Protestant martyr. . See ODNB

de Latouche, Henri (1785 - 1851), French writer and journalist. Wrote the play La Reine d’Espagne in 1831

Lavoisier, Antoine (1743 - 1794), French chemist and biologist. Regarded as the father of modern chemistry; executed during the French Revolution

Lord Byron, George Gordon (1788 - 1824), poet. . See ODNB

Russell, Lord John (1792 - 1878), politician and writer. Friend and biographer of Thomas Moore . See ODNB

Lord Thurlow, Edward Howell (1781 - 1829), poet. . See ODNB

Lebras, Auguste ( - ), . . See

Lebrun, Pierre-Antoine (1785 - 1873), French poet and playwright.

Cain, or Lecain, Henri Louis (1728 - 1778), French tragic actor. Voltaire discovered him and supported him for a time

Lee, Samuel (1783 - 1852), orientalist and professor of Arabic and then of Hebrew at Cambridge. Fluent in 18 foreign languages, mostly oriental; came from poor background . See ODNB

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646 - 1716), German philosopher and mathematician. Friend of Queen Sophie Charlotte of Prussia

Leighton, Alexander (c.1570 - 1649), Scottish religious controversialist. . See ODNB

Lord Eldon, John Scott (1751 - 1838), lord chancellor. . See ODNB

Leonidas, king of Sparta.

Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim (1729 - 1781), German writer.

Leto, Pomponio (1428 - 1497), Italian humanist and professor. Founder of the Accademia Romana . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Linnaeus, Carl (1707 - 1778), Swedish zoologist and botanist.

Lingard, John (1771 - 1851), English Catholic priest and historian. His History of England (1819-30) was very influential; Turner was in a sense his main rival . See ODNB

Lisiansky, Yuri,

Livius, Titus (59 B.C - 17 A.D.), Roman historian.

de La Mothe le Vayer, Francois (1588 - 1672), French academician and tutor to Louis XIV .

Lady Morgan, Sidney Owenson (c. 1780 - 1859), Irish novelist. Wrote The Life and Times of Salvator Rosa in 1824 . See ODNB

Locke, John (1632 - 1704), English philosopher. His Essay Concerning Human Understanding was published in 1690 . See ODNB

Lockhart, John Gibson (1794 - 1854), Scottish writer and literary editor. Editor of the Quarterly Review from 1825 to 1853 and son-in-law of Walter Scott . See ODNB

Lodge, Edmund (1756 - 1839), English herald and biographer. . See ODNB

de' Medici, Lorenzo il Magnifico (1449 - 1492), Italian statesman and author. Ruler of Florence and patron of the arts . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Louvet de Couvrai, Jean-Baptiste (1760 - 1797), French journalist and politician. Advocated divorce in his works . See authority needed

Lucretius (c.99 B.C. - c.55 B.C.), Roman poet and philosopher.

Lucian of Samosata (c. 125 - c. 180), Syrian rhetorician and satirist.

Luther, Martin (1483 - 1546), theologian and church reformer.

Louis XIV (1638 - 1715), King of France 1643-1715.

Louis XVIII of France (1755 - 1824), king of France 1815-1824.

Machiavelli, Niccolò (1469 - 1527), Italian political philosopher and writer. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Macpherson, James (1736 - 1796), Scottish writer. . See ODNB

de Duras, Claire (1777 - 1828), French writer. Her novel Ourika (1823) deals with racial and gender issues

de Genlis, Felicite (1746 - 1830), French writer.

de Girardin, Delphine (1804 - 1855), French writer. Her salon often hosted Balzac, Hugo, Gautier, Lamartine, Janin, Dumas and George Sand among others

de la Fayette, Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne (1634 - 1693), French writer.

Malone, Edmond (1741 - 1812), Irish literary scholar and biographer. His monumental edition of The Plays and Poems of William Shakespeare (1790) included an "Account of the English stage" . See

Maria Louisa (1791 - 1847), Austrian princess and Dutchess of Parma 1815-1847. Second wife of

Marguerite (1492 - 1549), French Sister of Francis I of France, wife of Henry II of Navarre, one of the great women writers of France. Moore refers obliquely to her Heptameron, a collection of short stories, often dealing with love and adultery . See need sources!

Mandane, King Cyrus's mother

Manso, Giovanni Battista (1569 - 1645), Italian nobleman and patron of the arts. Wrote the first biography of Tasso, Vita di Torquato Tasso in 1621 . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Stuart, Mary (1542 - 1587), Queen of Scotland 1542-1567.

Mariti, Giovanni, Italian Wrote about Cyprus and the Middle East in 18th c.

Marmontel, Jean-François (1723 - 1799), French historian and writer. Wrote extensively for the Encyclopédie

Marot, Jean (1496 - 1544), French poet.

Marsh, Herbert (1757 - 1839), bishop of Peterborough and biblical critic. Translator and annotator of Michaelis's Introduction to the New Testament in 1792 . See ODNB

Martial (38/41 - 102/104), Roman satirical poet.

Martin, Richard (1754 - 1834), Irish animal welfare campaigner and social reformer. He was MP for Galway from 1801 to 1826 . See Ryder, Richard D.. “Martin, Richard (1754–1834).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. May 2008. 24 Nov. 2008 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18207

Marivaux, Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de (1688 - 1763), French playwright.

de Stael, Anne Louise Germaine (1766 - 1817), French writer.

de Souza, Adélaïde-Emilie Filleu (1761 - 1836), French writer and Marquise de Souza-Botelho.

Marguerite de Valois, Queen of France 1589-1599.

Cavendish, Margaret (1623? - 1673), English writer and duchess of Newcastle. Wrote poems of scientific subjects as well as plays and fiction . See ODNB

Middleton, Conyers, theologian . . See ODNB

de Souvre, Gilles (c.1540 - 1626), Chief favourite of Henry III of France.

Mérimée, Prosper (1803 - 1870), French writer and historian. Wrote Le Théâtre de Clara Gazul, comédienne espagnole in 1825 and la Guzla in 1827. . See

Mesmer, (1734 - 1815), German scientist and spiritualist.

Michaelis, Johann David (1717 - 1791), German biblical scholar. Professor of Hebrew at Halle and Göttingen

Milman, Henry Hart (1791 - 1868), writer and dean of St. Paul's. Anne Boleyn ended his career as a dramatist according to the ODNB . See ODNB

Milton, John (1608 - 1674), English poet. . See ODNB

Melania, pupil of St Jerome

Menage, Gilles (1613 - 1692), French writer and grammarian.

Mohamed, the Prophet of Islam.

Molé, Louis Mathieu (1781 - 1855), French politician. Pronounced speech against the reintroduction of the droit d'aînesse on 28 March 1826. Prime Minister in 1836-39

de Montaigne, Michel (1533 - 1592), French philosopher. . See Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, Baron de (1689 - 1755), French philosopher.

Montlosier, Francois Dominique de Reynaud, Comte de (1755 - 1838), French political writer.

More, Hannah (1745 - 1833), English writer and philanthropist. Evangelic and moralising writer . See ODNB

von Mosheim, Johann Lorenz (1693 - 1755), German Lutheran church historian.

Misri, Nyazi-i- (1618 - 1694), Turkish poet.

Muratori, Ludovico Antonio (1672 - 1750), Italian historian and ecclesiastic. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Murray, John Samuel (1778 - 1843), publisher. Thomas Moore's main publisher, as well as Byron's . See ODNB

M.X., Appears in "French Official Life" in conjunction with Napoleon

Buonaparte, Napoleone (1769 - 1821), Corsican general and emperor of France.

Napoleon II (1811 - 1832), French emperor.

Nicephorus (c. 758 - 828), Byzantine writer and Patriarch of Constantinople.

Norris, Henry (before 1500 - 1536), courtier. Executed as Anne Boleyn's lover . See ODNB

O'Brien, Henry (1808 - 1835), Irish antiquary. . See ODNB

O'Neill, Hugh (c. 1550 - 1616), Irish magnate and rebel. . See Canny, Nicholas. “O'Neill, Hugh , second earl of Tyrone (c.1550–1616).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Online ed. Ed. Lawrence Goldman. Jan. 2008. 24 Nov. 2008 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/20775

Origen (c.185 - 254), Christian scholar and theologian.

Boyle, Roger (1621 - 1679), Anglo-Irish politician and writer. Author of long romance Parthenissa . See ODNB

Ovid (43 B.C. - 17/18 A.D.), Roman poet. Latin name Publius Ovidius Naso

Overton, Charles (1805 - 1889), English Church of England clergyman and writer. . See ODNB

Paula, pupil of St Jerome

Palladio, Andrea (1508 - 1580), Italian architect. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Pamele, Jacob von (1536 - 1587), Flemish theologian. Also known as Pamelius

Park, Mungo (1771 - 1806), Scottish traveller in Africa. He died in 1806 while exploring the Niger river . See Fyfe, Christopher. “Park, Mungo (1771–1806).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: OUP, 2004. 24 Nov. 2008 http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/21278

Pasquier, Étienne-Denis (1767 - 1862), French politician.

Pelagius (c.354 - c.420), theologian. Declared a heretic by the Council of Carthage in 418; opposed by Augustine and Jerome

Petrarca, Francesco (1304 - 1374), Italian poet and humanist. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Philip II of Spain (1527 - 1598), King of Spai 1556-1598.

Piccolomini, Alessandro (1508 - 1579), Italian philosopher and writer. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni (1463 - 1494), Italian philosopher. A firm opponent of astrology; famous for his prodigious memory . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Pigault de l'Épinoy, known as Pigault-Lebrun, Charles Antoine Guillame (1753 - 1837), French novelist.

Pindar (c.522 B.C. - 443 B.C.), Greek lyric poet.

Pius VII [Luigi Chiaramonti] (1742 - 1823), pope 1800-1823.

Pitt, (1759 - 1806), English politician and Prime Minister. . See ODNB

Plato (428/427 B.C. - 348/347 B.C.), Greek philosopher.

Plautus, Titus Maccius (c.254 B.C. - 184 B.C.), Roman comic playwright.

Pliny the Elder (23 - 79), Roman naturalist and naval commander. Wrote his encyclopedic work, Naturalis Historia in AD 77

Plotinus (c.204 - 270), Greek philosopher. Founder of Neoplatonism

Plutarch (c.46 - 120), Greek historian and biographer.

Pococke, Richard (1704 - 1765), English Church of Ireland bishop of Elphin, of Ossory, and of Meath and traveller. One of the earliest scholarly explorers of Egypt and a pioneering mountaineer in Ireland and Scotland . See ODNB

Pole, Reginald (1500 - 1558), English Catholic cardinal and writer. . See ODNB

Poliziano, Angelo (1454 - 1494), Italian scholar and poet. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Pomeranus, Johannes Bugenhagen (1485 - 1558), church reformer in Pomerania and Denmark.

Porteus, Beilby (1731 - 1809), English Church of England bishop of London. Famous for his sermons . See ODNB

Prévost d'Exiles, Antoine-François (1697 - 1763), French novelist. Author of Manon Lescault . See "Prévost d'Exiles, Antoine-François, Abbé." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 Aug. 2008 http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9061324

George IV (1762 - 1830), King of the United Kingdom 1820-1830 and Prince Regent 1811-1820. . See ODNB

Pusey, Edward Bouverie (1800 - 1882), Church of England clergyman and university professor. Future leader of the Oxord Movement; the works that Moore reviews were his earliest publications, which he later withdrew from sale . See ODNB

de Puységur, Armand Marie Jacques de Chastenet (1751 - 1825), French hypnotist.

Pyrrhus (319 B.C. - 272 B.C.), king of Epirus.

Pyrro (c.360 B.C. - c.270), Greek Skeptic philosopher.

Rabelais, François (c. 1494 - 1553), French writer and humanist.

Racine, Jean (1639 - 1699), French dramatist.

Radcliffe, Ann (1764 - 1823), English novelist. . See ODNB

Remy, Nicolas (1530 - 1616), French magistrate and witch-hunter .

Reuchlin, Johann (1455 - 1522), German humanist and Greek and Hebrew scholar.

Rainolds [Reynolds], John (1549 - 1607), English theologian and head of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. One of the translators of the King James Bible . See ODNB

Sansoni Riario, Raffaele (1461 - 1521), Italian cardinal and patron of the arts. Responsible for inviting Michelangelo to Rome

Ridley, Nicholas (c.1502 - 1555), English Church of England bishop of London and Protestant martyr. Burned at the stake together with Hugh Latimer, bishop of Worcester . See ODNB

Roche, Sir Boyle (1736 - 1807), Irish politician. He was famous as a perpetrator of "bulls". . See ODNB

Rogers, Samuel (1763 - 1855), English poet. Friend of Moore and Byron . See ODNB

Rollin, Charles (1661 - 1741), French historian and educator.

Rosa, Salvator (1615 - 1673), Italian painter and writer.

Rose, Hugh James (1795 - 1838), Church of England clergyman. . See ODNB

Sander[s], Nicholas (c. 1530 - 1581), English religious controversialist. His book De origine ac progressu schismatis anglicani was very influential . See ODNB

Sand, George (1804 - 1876), French writer. Pseudonym of Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin

Sapida, correspondent of St Augustine

Sappho (c.630/612 B.C. - c. 570), Greek poetess.

Scaliger, Julius Caesar (1484 - 1558), Italian scholar and physician. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Schérer, Barthélemy Louis Joseph (1747 - 1804), French general.

von Schiller, Johann Christoph Friedrich (1759 - 1805), German writer and philosopher.

Schleiermacher, Friedrich Daniel Ernst (1768 - 1834), German philosopher and theologian.

Scipio, Publius Cornelius, Roman general.

Socrates (c.469 B.C. - 399 B.C.), Greek philosopher.

Scott, Sir Walter (1771 - 1832), Scottish poet and novelist. . See ODNB

de Scudéry, Madeleine (1607 - 1701), French novelist. Author of several romans à clef that used classical figures to discuss contemporary personalities . See "Scudéry, Madeleine de." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 Aug. 2008 http://search.eb.com/eb/article-9066410.

Semler, Johann Salomo (1725 - 1791), German church historian and biblical commentator. Professor of theology at Halle; studied the authorship of the Old and New Testaments; known as the father of German rationalism

Honoratus, Servius Maurus, Roman grammarian.

Smart, Sir George (1776 - 1867), musician. . See ODNB

Shaw, Thomas (1694 - 1751), English traveller. Wrote extensively about his travels to the Near East . See ODNB

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley (1751 - 1816), Irish playwright and politician. . See ODNB

Shakespeare, William (1564 - 1616), English playwright and poet. . See ODNB

Sixtus IV [Francesco della Rovere] (1414 - 1484), pope 1471-1484. Builder of the Sistine Chapel and patron of the arts, known also for his nepotism . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Sixtus V [Felice Peretti] (1520 - 1590), pope 1585-1590.

Smeaton, Mark (c.1512 - 1536), English court musician. Executed as one of Anne Boleyn's alleged lovers

Sophocles (ca. 496 B.C. - ca. 406 B.C.), Greek dramatist.

Sophia Charlotte of Hanover (1668 - 1705), Queen of Prussia. Daughter of Electress Sophia

Sophia of Hanover (1630 - 1714), Electress of Hannover. Mother of George I of England

Spener, Philipp Jakob (1635 - 1705), Lutheran theologian. Known as the Father of Pietism

St Athanasius of Alexandria (c.293 - 373), Egyptian bishop of Alexandria and theologian. Father of the Church

St. Augustine (354 - 430), North African theologian and philosopher. One of the main figures in early Christian theology

St.Basilius (c.330 - 379), Cappadocian theologian. Brother of Gregory of Nyssa and Macrina

St.John Chrysostom (c.347 - 407), Archbishop of Constantinople and theologian.

St.Cyril,

St. Dominic (1170 - 1221), founder of the Dominican order.

Stein, Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum (1757 - 1831), Prussian statesman.

Stendhal, Neri-Marie Beyle (1783 - 1842), French novelist. Discusses the crystallization of love in his essay De l'Amour in 1822

Sterne, Laurence (1713 - 1768), Irish Church of England clergyman and writer. . See ODNB

St.Gregory of Nyssa (c.335 - c.394), bishop of Nyssa and theologian. Brother of Basil and Macrina

St.Gregory Nazianzen (330 - 389/390), Archbishop of Constantinople and theologian.

St.Gregory Thaumaturgus (c.213 - c.270), bishop of Caesarea.

St.Jerome (c.347 - 420), Doctor of the Church and translator of the Bible into Latin.

St.Justin the Martyr (c.100 - 165), Christian apologist.

St.Macrina (c.325 - 379), saint. Sister of Basil and Gregory of Nyssa

de St Pierre, Jacques-Henri Bernardin (1737 - 1814), French novelist and botanist. Wrote his most famous novel, Paul et Virginie in 1787

St.Peter,

Strada, Famiano (1572 - 1649), Italian Jesuit and writer. Author of De Bello Belgico, 1637-1650

Strype, John (1643 - 1737), biographer and historian. . See ODNB

Suicerus, Johann Caspar, Author of Greek lexicon

Southey, Robert (1774 - 1843), poet laureate 1813-1843. . See ODNB

Suard, Jean Baptiste Antoine (1733 - 1817), French man of letters and journalist. Wrote Mélanges de littératurein 1803-5

Sue, Eugène (1804 - 1857), French novelist. At the time of Moore's review, he had not yet written his most famous novel, Les Mystères de Paris , 1842-3

Susius, Nicholas, writer. Unable to identify him precisely

Swift, Jonathan (1667 - 1745), Irish writer and dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. . See ODNB

Tasso, Torquato (1544 - 1595), Italian poet. . See Italica - Rinascimento [Italian only]

Taylor, Jeremy (c. 1613 - 1667), English Church of Ireland bishop of Down and Connor and religious writer. . See ODNB

Teissier, Antoine, French (?) Hugonot writer. mentioned in JSTOR article

Terence, Publius Terentius Afer (195/185 B.C. - 159 B.C.), Roman playwright.

Theofilus of Antioch, patriarch of Antioch 169-183 .

Thomson, Catherine (1797 - 1862), novelist and historian. Her Memoirs of the Court of Henry VIII (1826) is regarded as one of her best works . See ODNB

Tindal, Matthew (1657 - 1733), freethinker and religious controversialist. . See ODNB

Moore, Thomas (1779 - 1852), Irish poet. . See ODNB

Toderini, Giambattista, Venitian Jesuit.

Toland, John (1670 - 1722), Irish freethinker and philosopher. Born in Donegal and could read Irish. His 1695 work, Christianity not Mysterious, argued that nothing in Christian doctrine should contradict reason. It created great controversy on publication. . See ODNB

Tonson, Jacob (1655/6 - 1736), English bookseller. Publisher of Dryden and Milton. Dryden's translation of Virgil is considered one of Tonson's finest printing achievements . See ODNB

Townson, Thomas (1715 - 1792), Church of England clergyman and religious writer. Wrote Discourses on the Gospels in 1778 . See ODNB

Turnèbe or Tournèbe, Adrien (1512 - 1565), French classical scholar.

Terullian (c.160 - c.220), Christian author.

Turner, Sharon (1768 - 1847), English historian. His History of the Anglo-Saxons, 1799-1805, was very influential. His History of Henry VIII, published in 1826, is regarded in the ODNB as poor. . See ODNB

Usher, James (1581 - 1656), Irish Church of Ireland archbishop of Armagh and scholar. . See ODNB

Vallancey, Charles (c.1726 - 1812), Irish antiquary and military surveyor. A conviced supporter of the Eastern origin of Irish civilisation . See ODNB

Vancouver, George (1757 - 1798), English explorer. . See ODNB

Varillas, Antoine (1624 - 1696), French historian. Wrote Les Anecdotes de Florence, ou l'Histoire secrète de la maison de Médicis in 1685

Van Hemert, Paul, professor of philosophy in Amsterdam. Probably the author of The State of the Jews in the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century and of a dissertation on the Doctrine of Accommodation

Vigilius, bishop of Tapsus. Alleged author of the "Athanasian Creed"

Vitet, Ludovic (1802 - 1873), French writer and politician.

Fortunatus, Venantius (c.530 - c.600/609), Latin poet.

Voltaire, Francois (1694 - 1778), French philosopher and writer.

Virgil [Publius Virgilius Maro] (70 B.C. - 19 B.C.), Roman poet.

Xenophon (c.430 B.C. - 354 B.C.), Greek soldier and author.

Wakefield, Gilbert (1758 - 1801), biblical scholar and religious controversialist. Prolific writer on religion, classics, and politics . See ODNB

Walpole, Horace (1717 - 1797), English author and politician. Fourth earl of Orford. His Memoirs of the Last Ten Years of the Reign of George II begins in 1751 . See ODNB

Warburton, William (1698 - 1779), bishop of Gloucester and religious controversialist. Author of The Divine Legation of Moses Demonstrated (1738-1741) . See ODNB

Ward, Seth (1617 - 1689), English Church of England bishop of Eeter and Salisbury and astronomer. . See ODNB

Warton, Thomas (1728 - 1790), English poet and historian. Wrote The history of English poetry, from the close of the eleventh to the commencement of the eighteenth century in 1774-81 . See ODNB

Wegscheider, Julius August Ludwig (1771 - 1849), German theologian and professor at Halle. Threatened with deposition together with Gesenius

Wellesley, Arthur (1769 - 1852), Irish general and Prime Minister. Created Lord Wellington after 1809 . See ODNB

Weston, Sir Francis (1511 - 1536), courtier. Executed as alleged lover of Anne Boleyn . See ODNB

Wier, Johannes (1515 - 1588), Dutch philosopher and occultist.

Whitgift, John (1530/31 - 1604), English Church of England archbishop of Canterbury. . See ODNB

Wilberforce, William (1759 - 1833), English politician and slavery abolitionist. . See ODNB

Wilson, Sir Robert Thomas (1777 - 1849), English army officer and colonial governor. . See ODNB

Wilson, Thomas (1663 - 1755), English Church of England bishop of Sodor and Man. Promoted the translation of the Gospels into Manx . See ODNB

Willis, Nathaniel Parker (1806 - 1867), American writer and newspaper editor.

Lyttleton, William, British politician?. Unable to find further information

Wyatt, Sir Thomas (c. 1503 - 1542), poet and ambassador. . See ODNB

Zeno of Citium (334 B.C. - 262 B.C.), Greek philosopher. Founder of stoicism